The second book of the Bible, its name is from the Greek meaning ‘ departure’. This book has to do with the redemption of the children of Israel from Egypt.
Author & Date
The second of the five books of Moses.
A. From Egypt to Sinai
- The bondage of the Israelites Ch.1-2
- The call of Moses Ch.3-4
- The confrontation with Pharaoh Ch.5-12
- The Exodus Ch.13-15
- The way to Sinai Ch.16-19
B. The Law given Ch.20-24
- The 10 commandments given Ch.20:17
- Various laws and commandments Ch.20:18-24:18
C. The Tabernacle Ch.25-40
- The Tabernacle instructions Ch.25-31
- The golden calf and its aftermath Ch.32-34
- The Tabernacle constructed Ch.35-39
- The Tabernacle set up Ch.40
2. Its Typology
Its factual historical account of the Exodus, and its surrounding events give much typical teaching of the redemption that is in Jesus Christ. We only have space to outline some of the teachings here. The following NT scriptures gives us three examples:
a. Christ our Passover
Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our Passover is sacrificed for us:
Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.
I Cor. 5: 7 – 8
Christ our Passover! The Passover was killed, its blood applied to the households and the lamb eaten inside. Jesus the Lamb was slain His blood applied and we are to eat of Him. Jn. 6:53-57
b. Baptised into Christ
Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea; And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea; And did all eat the same spiritual meat; And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.
I Cor. 10: 1 – 4
The crossing of the Red sea typifies our baptism into Christ by the Holy Spirit, ie. new birth. I Cor. 12:13; Eph. 4:5
c. The Tabernacle
Then verily the first covenant had also ordinances of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary. For there was a tabernacle made; the first, wherein was the candlestick, and the table, and the shewbread; which is called the sanctuary. And after the second veil, the tabernacle which is called the Holiest of all; Which had the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant overlaid round about with gold, wherein was the golden pot that had manna, and Aaron’s rod that budded, and the tables of the covenant; And over it the cherubims of glory shadowing the mercy seat; of which we cannot now speak particularly. Now when these things were thus ordained, the priests went always into the first tabernacle, accomplishing the service of God. But into the second went the high priest alone once every year, not without blood, which he offered for himself, and for the errors of the people: The Holy Ghost this signifying, that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while as the first tabernacle was yet standing: Which was a figure for the time then present,…
Heb. 9:1 onwards.
Our final example is that of the Tabernacle; the above passage highlights from Scripture itself some of its typical meaning. It is tempting to give more detail here, but that would be out of place in an outline. It is hoped that such a very brief mention here will encourage the Bible student to pursue the themes for themselves.