This is the fifth and final book of Moses. Its name means ‘The second law’; by that is meant that the laws at Mt. Sinai are repeated to the new Generation of Israelites prior to their entry into the promised land. Moses rehearsed the law to this new generation in the plains of Moab (Dt.1:5). He first spoke the word to Israel, and afterward wrote them down.
These be the words which Moses spake unto all Israel on this side Jordan in the wilderness, in the plain over against the Red sea, between Paran, and Tophel, and Laban, and Hazeroth, and Dizahab.
And it came to pass, when Moses had made an end of writing the words of this law in a book, until they were finished, That Moses commanded the Levites, which bare the ark of the covenant of the LORD, saying, Take this book of the law, and put it in the side of the ark of the covenant of the LORD your God, that it may be there for a witness against thee.
The force of Moses’s words is that of obedience to God and His law, and someone has remarked that Deuteronomy is a treatise on obedience.
And now, Israel, what doth the LORD thy God require of thee, but to fear the LORD thy God, to walk in all his ways, and to love him, and to serve the LORD thy God with all thy heart and with all thy soul, To keep the commandments of the LORD, and his statutes, which I command thee this day for thy good?
God longed for obedience Dt. 5:29, because Israel was His own and loved them Dt. 7:7-8
Eight distinct discourses can be identified . The final chapter is an account of Moses’s death, and was more than likely added by some unknown scribe.
|1||Looking Back||Ch.1-4:43||A look at Israel’s past failures, and wilderness wanderings.|
|2||Review||Ch.4:44-26||The Sinai law reviewed. Note 5:22He added NO more.|
|3||Warnings||Ch.27-28||The cursings and blessings of the law; note the ceremony to be performed on entrance to the promised land.|
|4||Covenant||Ch.29-30||A covenant which God gave conditions under which Israel was to enter Canaan|
|5.||Counsels||Ch. 31:1-23||To: Israel, Joshua and the priests. Notevv.19-21|
|6.||Instructions||Ch.31:24-29||To the Levites regarding the law.|
|7.||Song||Ch.32||v44 Joshua joined in!|
|8.||Blessings||Ch.33||The Mosaic blessing to the tribes. Compare this with the Patriarchal blessing of Gen. 49.|
|Moses’s death||Ch.34||Moses died at the age of120, and his natural force was not abated, nor were his eyes dim.|
It was from this book that Jesus quoted when confronting the devil in the wilderness. See Mth. 4:1-11 & Lk.4:1-13; Dt. 6:13,16; 8:3; 10:20>It contains the first reference to:
- Children of Belial Ch. 13:13
- Death by hanging on a tree Ch.21:22-23