The Lamb of God (3)
The Lamb on Mount
we considered some reasons as to why Jesus is referred to as the Lamb
of God. In the second study we
considered the lamb on the throne and how that the scene in heaven, in
has changed from the times of the OC.
For our third study we
attention to the fourteenth chapter of the book of Revelation. And in
it we will see another change from that of the OC.
And I looked, and, lo, a Lamb stood on
the mount Sion, and with him an
hundred forty and four thousand, having
his Father’s name written in their foreheads. And I heard a
heaven, as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of a great
thunder: and I heard the voice of harpers harping with their
harps: And they sung as it were a new song before the throne,
before the four beasts, and the elders: and no man could learn that
song but the hundred and forty and four thousand, which were redeemed
from the earth. These are they which were not defiled with
for they are virgins. These are they
which follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth. These were
redeemed from among
men, being the
firstfruits unto God and to the Lamb. And in their mouth was
found no guile: for they are without fault before the throne of God.
the Lamb shifts
from the throne, where He is central
and worshipped by those around it, to that of the Lamb standing on
Mount Sion, with him are 144,000. These
144,000 are known as virgins, and they follow the Lamb wherever He
they are referred to as redeemed from men and are the first fruits unto
God and the Lamb. What are we to make of it all? Our studies
concentrate on the Lamb, so we will only mention other things as they
touch on the subject.
In this study we shall consider two aspects of this passage: the Lamb Standing ;
and the Lamb on
The Lamb Standing
In scripture the physical position of people
example in Hebrews we read:
God, who at sundry times and
manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, Hath in
these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir
of all things, by whom also he made the worlds; Who being the
brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and
upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by Himself purged our
down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;
accomplishing the work of
redemption, and after His ascension Jesus SAT down on the
right hand of the
Father. This sitting indicates a
completed work. In the
Temple of all the furniture present there was a distinct lack
seating! In fact there was nowhere for the priests to sit at all; the
being is that the OT priests were never finished in their work, they
had to continually
bring sacrifices and do the work of the
them there was
no rest, their work was never done. Sitting typifies a
work, so the priests of the OC could never rest in their work,
however Jesus has finished the work of eternal redemption and
so the opening verses of Hebrews emphasises
His completed work at the cross by stating that He sat down at the
right hand of God.
on the other hand signifies the
conduct or behaviour of an individual; hence the NT's
exhortation for us to walk in the Spirit and not the Flesh.
seen by the following scriptures.
his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God
hath before ordained that we should walk
I therefore, the prisoner of the Lord, beseech you
that ye walk worthy
vocation wherewith ye are called,
This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord,
that ye henceforth walk
not as other
Gentiles walk, in the vanity of
And walk in love,
also hath loved us, and
hath given himself for us an offering and a sacrifice to God for a
For ye were sometimes darkness, but now are ye
light in the Lord: walk
See then that ye walk
not as fools,
but as wise,
He that saith he abideth in him ought himself also so to
even as He walked.
For ye are yet
carnal: for whereas
there is among you envying, and strife, and divisions, are ye not
carnal, and walk as men?
We are exhorted to
walked, that is we are to behave and conduct ourselves as Christ did
and not as unregenerate men do.
But what of standing
What is the meaning of standing, and how can we
apply this to Rev. 14
passage is very illuminating in this respect.
Put on the whole armour of
God, that ye
may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil....
take unto you the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to withstand
in the evil day, and having done all, to
In terms of
warfare Paul is
talking of holding the ground we are on, so we can say in general terms
that standing refers to the ground we hold.
Christ has made us more than conquerors (Rom. 8:37)
we do nothing to gain or win
the ground, for God
has already given us the victory in Christ (I Cor
all we have to do is to remain on the ground of victory. Our
conclusion then is that standing
the ground occupied. But how does this relate to the Lord
in the passage under consideration?
has exalted Him
Firstly look back at one scripture in the previous
...... And I
beheld, and, lo, in the midst of
the throne and of the four beasts, and in the midst of the elders, stood
a Lamb as it had been slain,
the throne is said
to be standing, not sitting! Now
this does not contradict Heb. 1
all. Hebrews is written from the perspective of Christ's finished
redeeming work, and the pictures given there are related to
message, here in Revelation a different view is in
mind. It is showing the ground that Jesus occupies
namely that He is with His Father on the eternal throne. It
sovereign right in the first place, but He became a man and
for us and died on Calvary, but then He rose and God the Father exalted
Him far above all.
Who, being in the form of
it not robbery to be equal with God: But made himself of no
reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in
the likeness of men: And being found in fashion as a man, he
humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the
cross. Wherefore God
highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above
name: That at
the name of Jesus
every knee should bow, of things
in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth;
that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the
glory of God the Father.
The place that
occupies, is on the throne of heaven; it is His by
right anyway but also by fact that His
given that position to Him,
by virtue of His redeeming work, as noted by the picture of the slain
lamb. Jesus is indeed Lord and one
day every knee will bow to Jesus and confess Him as
- even Satan. There is another scripture that talks of Jesus
|But he, being
full of the Holy Ghost, looked up steadfastly into heaven, and saw the
glory of God, and Jesus
the right hand of God, And said, Behold, I see
opened, and the Son
of man standing on the right hand of God.
When the first Christian martyr looked up, as he was about to
stoned, he saw Jesus standing
at the right hand of God. Jesus was welcoming
this man home! This glimpse into the heavens is unique, and the key
here is the phrase '
the right hand
The place Jesus occupies is not just on the
throne, but also the right hand of His
hand signifying the place of authority and power;
Jesus has been given all
authority. No mistaking this at all, the
truth is throughout the whole of Bible.
| The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand,
make thine enemies thy footstool
Ps. 110:1 Quoted by Jesus in
Jesus saith unto
him, Thou hast
said: nevertheless I say unto you, Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting on the
right hand of
power, and coming in the clouds of heaven.
And Jesus came and spake unto
saying, All power is
given unto me in
heaven and in
Then cometh the end, when he
delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he shall have
put down all rule and all authority and power. For he
must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet.
last enemy that shall be destroyed
is death. For he hath put all things under his feet. But when he saith
all things are put under him, it is manifest that he is excepted, which
did put all things under him. And when all things shall be
subdued unto him, then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him
that put all things under him, that God may be all in all.
3.2 The Lamb on Mount Sion
Turning now to the
heads this study, we find the Lamb standing on Mount Sion; He
occupies this mysterious mountain, so what is this mountain, and what
is its significance? Firstly we will consider what mountains
was the iron,
the clay, the brass, the silver, and the gold, broken to pieces
together, and became like the chaff of the summer threshingfloors; and
the wind carried them away, that no place was found for them: and the stone that smote the image
great mountain, and filled the whole earth......................And in the days of these
the God of heaven set up
which shall never be destroyed: and the
kingdom shall not be left to other people, but it shall break in pieces
consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for
Forasmuch as thou sawest that the stone was cut out of the mountain
without hands, and that it brake in pieces the iron, the brass, the
clay, the silver, and the gold; the great God hath made known to the
king what shall come to pass hereafter: and the dream is certain, and
the interpretation thereof sure.
Dan. 2:35; 44-45
In the second
prophet interprets Nebuchadnezzar's dream. The stone image was a
representation of the kingdoms of this world: starting with Babylon and
ending with the Roman empire, each kingdom being
the previous one. Then a stone made without hands would smite
the image to become a great mountain and fill the earth.
Now it's this last part that interests us. That stone became
a mountain, and in the interpretation we have the kingdom of
consuming the others; we conclude that the mountain
filled the whole earth is the kingdom of God,
leading us to
see that the symbol of the mountain is
representative of kingdoms.
So the Lamb standing on Sion is the kingdom that
been placed there by God: Sion - so what then is this Sion,
particular attention to it?
The answer to the
lies in this well known passage in Hebrews.
ye are not come unto the mount that might be touched, and that burned
with fire, nor unto blackness, and darkness, and tempest, And
sound of a trumpet, and the voice of words; which voice they that heard
intreated that the word should not be spoken to them any
(For they could not endure that which was commanded, And if so much as
a beast touch the mountain, it shall be stoned, or thrust through with
a dart: And so terrible was the sight, that Moses said, I
exceedingly fear and quake:) But
ye are come unto mount Sion, and
unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an
innumerable company of angels, To the general
church of the firstborn, which are written in heaven, and to God the
Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect, And to
Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood
that speaketh better things than that of Abel.
In writing to the
takes pains to point out that the Old Covenant, (OC) is done away with
in Christ, this He did by
its demands in every detail, and
establishing a new and better way; and the Jewish converts, who were
tempted to go back
Judaism, were in danger of apostasing if they
masterly composed epistle, the author, under God's inspiration, shows
differences between the Old and New Covenants, and consequently the
superiority of the New as compared to that of the Old.
This passage from the twelfth chapter sums the differences up
well. In it the writer presents two mountains ( kingdoms):
represented by Mount Sinai and the New, that by Sion. Sinai is where
the law was given: the ten commandments and all the levitical code that
went with it, including all the sacrificial and ceremonial law. But
look at what the writer notes what happened at Sinai.
(i) Sinai - the
The writer takes us back to Israel's arrival at Sinai, where
gave the Law. Read what Moses wrote about the scene before
after the 10 commandments were given:
Moses brought forth
the people out of the camp to meet with God; and they stood at the
nether part of the mount. And mount Sinai was altogether on a
smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire: and the smoke
thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked
greatly. And when the voice of the trumpet sounded long, and
waxed louder and louder, Moses spake, and God answered him by a voice.
And the LORD came down upon mount Sinai, on the top of the mount: and
the LORD called Moses up to the top of the mount; and Moses went
up. And the LORD said unto Moses, Go down, charge the people,
lest they break through unto the LORD to gaze, and many of them perish.
the people saw the
thunderings, and the lightnings, and the noise of the trumpet, and the
mountain smoking: and when the people saw it, they removed, and stood
afar off. And they said unto Moses,
Speak thou with
us, and we will hear: but
let not God
speak with us, lest we die.
And Moses said unto
the people, Fear not: for God is come to prove you, and that his fear
may be before your faces, that ye sin not.
people stood afar off, and Moses drew near unto the thick darkness
where God was.
Just look at the
sums up everything the OC stood for. The way to God
restricted, access to God was
limited just to one man, initially Moses, and later
would be the High Priest and only then
be allowed access to the
of all, on one day each year - the day of
Indeed the way to God was
not yet open. There was fear, the people said to Moses that they didn't
want God to speak at all to them! They were afraid of the
The scene was one of blackness, darkness and death itself; even if a
beast so much touched the mountain then it were to be destroyed. The
people not only couldn't touch it, they couldn't even see it, nor who
was on it! And to cap it all there were terrible sounds, no one liked
what they heard, whether it were the trumpets or the voice of
were all in great fear.
Israel came to, it was the kingdom they were entering into, that of
the law, and by the law is the strength of sin (I Cor.
. The whole picture epitomises the OC .
death and no direct access to God.
born again believers have not come to this
mountain! Yet the tragedy is that many professing believers still live
as if they were at Sinai; thus bringing themselves,
others, into bondage, insisting that we all keep
forgetting the purpose of the law: namely to show up sin as
sin, to brings us to Christ, and that it was only
further discussion see the study on Galatians.
But we have not come to this Mountain at all, we are not in the kingdom
of the OC, we are at a better Mountain!
(ii) Sion - the
But we have come
what a difference it is! In contrast to Sinai we see that the way to
is open to all, we have direct access;
therefore, brethren, boldness
enter into the
holiest by the blood of Jesus, By a
new and living
which he hath consecrated for us,
through the veil, that is to say, his flesh;
being justified by faith, we have peace with
God through our Lord Jesus Christ: By
whom also we
have access by faith into this grace wherein we
stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.
We have no fear in approaching God, instead we have boldness to enter
the Holiest, for Jesus has paid the due penalty for our sin.
Instead of finding death we find life, instead of darkness, light and
clarity of vision; there are no sounds of trumpets and earthquakes to
put us off, instead everything at Sion is welcoming .
is our love made
perfect, that we may have
boldness in the day of judgment: because as he is, so are we in this
world. There is no fear in love; but perfect love
because fear hath torment. He that feareth is not made perfect in love.
All this and much
at the list of those present: an
innumerable company of angels; the general assembly and church of the
firstborn; God, the spirits of just men made perfect and, JESUS, the
Lamb! And the blood of sprinkling. Everything is
opposite to Sinai. There there was no welcome, but here there is; at
Sinai the mountain could not be approached, but at Sion not only can we
approach we dwell there! Everything at Sion (the NC) is BETTER than at Sinai
(the OC). What
then are the main differences between the two Covenants?
This is summed up best for us in the eighth chapter of the
now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better
which was established upon better promises. For if that first covenant
had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the
second. For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the
come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of
Israel and with the house of Judah: Not according to the
that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand
to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued not in my
covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord. For this
the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those
days, saith the Lord; I
will put my
laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to
them a God, and they shall be to me a people: And they shall
teach every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know
the Lord: for all shall know me, from the least to the
For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and
their iniquities will I remember no more. In
saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old. Now that which
decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away.
the Old Covenant failed simply
because Israel did NOT have the power to keep God's law. It was
an external code but there was no power
in it at all,
and the Israelites failed to fulfil it. Thus we see the first main
difference: the NC is not an external code but an internal life. God's
laws are no longer on tables of stone but are
Forasmuch as ye are
to be the epistle of Christ ministered by us, written not with ink, but
with the Spirit of the living God; not in tables of stone, but in
fleshy tables of the heart.
II Cor. 3:3
God's laws are
in our hearts
by the Holy Spirit, our stony hearts are changed to fleshy
when we are born anew. This subject of new birth and the new
heart is fundamental: no one in the natural can keep the law of God, in
our fallen state we are powerless to keep it, no wonder Israel failed!
What is required is God's life to be planted in a man,
woman, it is from that source, that is the Divine nature that
is put within us,
that we keep His laws; not because of any external requirements but
rather because the life just does it! There is no strain or
effort to keep God's commands, it is simply the life working
we can know
God individually, and directly at that.
In the OC the people had to go through priests to know the mind of God,
they had to go through the rituals to be accepted, and of course no one
could approach God directly at all. But how it is all different in the
NC! As individuals we can know God direct, and that without
betweens ( except of course Jesus)! Just think, we can
know God as a person!
Something the OC people could not do, what a privilege for us
And we know that
the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may
know him that is true, and we are in him that is true,
Jesus Christ. This is the true God, and eternal life.
I Jn. 5:20
He remembers our sins no
more and this is a vital difference. In the OC sins were only 'atoned'
that is covered. The animal sacrifices could
never take away sins (Heb. 10:4),
the animal blood only
the sins of the people, they were still
there, but only covered by animal blood. Whereas in the NC
doesn't cover sin at all - it CLEANSES
from all sin
is it removes our sin and God remembers them no
often say God forgets our sin, but that's not what is in mind here: to
forget implies a fault with the memory, but the passage here
indicates that God deliberately, by an act of His will,
them no more. This is beyond us, how can an all knowing God do this?
But He does, and there is no sin counted against us, praise His
name! We shall consider the blood further in a later study.
Finally we note
Sion we have
indeed come to JESUS
He is the one who is
there with His blood welcoming us. There are two further thoughts about
Jesus to consider in this study: He is the mediator
He is the deliverer
The mediator of the NC
Mount Sion is the Lamb, and in the Hebrews passage we are told that He
is the mediator of the NC.
Now this word occurs rarely in scripture. In fact there are only five
references to mediator: four of them refers to Christ and one
Wherefore then serveth the
law? It was added because of
transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made;
and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.
Now a mediator is not a mediator of one, but God is one.
When it is applied to Moses what does it mean? God
law etc. to Moses on Sinai, and then Moses passed it onto the
the narratives of the Pentateuch we see this often. God speaking to
Israel through Moses, remembering that the people did not,
to hear God directly. Here is a selection of scriptures to
illustrate the point.
For they were departed from
and were come to the desert of Sinai, and had pitched in the
wilderness; and there Israel camped before the mount. And Moses went up
unto God, and the LORD called unto him out of the mountain, saying, Thus shalt thou say to the house
and tell the children of Israel; Ye have seen what
unto the Egyptians, and how I bare you on eagles’ wings, and
you unto myself. Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and
keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above
all people: for all the earth is mine: And ye shall be unto
kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. These are the words which thou
shalt speak unto the children of Israel. And Moses came and
called for the elders
of the people, and laid
faces all these words which the LORD commanded him.
And all the people
thunderings, and the lightnings, and the noise of the trumpet, and the
mountain smoking: and when the people saw it, they removed, and stood
afar off. And they said unto Moses, Speak thou with us, and we
hear: but let not God speak with us, lest we die.
Moses said unto the people, Fear not: for God is come to prove you, and
that his fear may be before your faces, that ye sin not. And
people stood afar off, and Moses drew near unto the thick darkness
where God was. And
said unto Moses, Thus thou shalt say unto the children of Israel,
Ye have seen that I have talked with you from heaven.
And the LORD called unto
and spake unto him
out of the
tabernacle of the congregation,
unto the children
The above showing
things in the
OC: Moses received from God and he then passed on what he had
children of Israel. Paul in Galatians was saying that Moses
mediator, in fact this is the
function he fulfilled when God sent him to Israel and Pharaoh
originally, and also in the journeyings in the
not include quotes here for the sake of space but
Pentateuch will show this clearly.
So what we have established is what the Bible is meaning by a mediator:
someone who acts on behalf of another. In the context of spiritual
things, one who receives from God and passes on to the people
that which he has received.
So coming into the NC we see one emphatic and clear truth that Jesus is
the NC and
For there is one God, and one
between God and
men, the man Christ Jesus;
now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by
how much also he is the
mediator of a
better covenant, which was
established upon better promises.
And for this cause he is the
of the new
testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of
transgressions that were under the first testament, they which are
called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.
And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to
the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than that of Abel.
There is no other to mediator between God and man now, no pope, priest
pastor is or can be; further the claims that Mary
mediator is blasphemous and totally unscriptural. Jesus ALONE
mediator and there
no one else beside Him.
received from the
has given to us. The benefits of the NC are all to be found in Christ
alone and we receive them from Him.
The deliverer in Sion
last comment about
Jesus at Sion, although not mentioned in Revelation, nor the Hebrews
passage it is elsewhere in scripture, and one aspect we must not
deliverance, and there shall be holiness; and
the house of Jacob shall possess their possessions.
Wherefore also it is contained in the scripture, Behold,
I lay in Sion a chief corner stone, elect, precious: and he
that believeth on him shall not be confounded.
I Pet. 2:26
all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come
out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away
ungodliness from Jacob:
is written, Behold, I lay in
a stumblingstone and rock of offence: and whosoever believeth on
him shall not be ashamed.
We come, in one
with our thoughts. Peter talks of the Lord laying a
chief (foundation) stone in Sion. That is God Himself has place the
Lord Jesus there, it is Jesus
and no one else that has been placed in
Jesus is the Chief corner stone. He is the very foundation on which
God's work is built, but
, He has exalted
Jesus and it is He that has laid that foundation, no man had
it at all. And those who believe will not be ashamed but to those who
not believe He is a rock of offence (stumbling) and will stumble.
But the key here is that Jesus is the deliverer out of Sion. The word
deliverer has the idea of saving, or rescuing. It
is out of
Sion alone that true salvation comes turning away
Jacob (Jacob being a type of the carnal
The deliverance that Jesus brings is from all ungodliness, from self,
the world and the devil. When Jesus came into the world the angel said
while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord
appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear
not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her
is of the Holy Ghost. And she shall bring forth a son, and
shalt call his name JESUS: for
shall save his people from their sins.
It is this that is the fundamental difference from the OC. As we have
at pains to point out, the OC did not have the power to free people
from the power of sin; in the OC once a suitable sacrifice
brought the sin
was covered and the person forgiven; but the sin was still there and
the person was still the same, there was no change of heart, there was
no inward deliverance from sin. In the NC we have that inward
deliverance; on new birth we are baptised into Christ's death and
raised into His resurrection life and are given a new heart, we are
from the principle of sin, so that sin is no longer our
What a deliverance this is!
The Lamb on Mount Sion is:
- The Mediator of the New Covenant
- The Deliverer in the New Covenant
- The Surety of the New Covenant
- The Exalted one
- The Victorious one
One of the tragedies is that many born again believers do not
understand the difference between the Old and New
Covenants; consequently not only are there misunderstandings
thinking, but also wrong practices in the assemblies; using
temple practices for 'church' meetings for example, and bringing the
saints into legal bondage on many issues for another. In order to live
in the fullness of what God intends for us we need to understand to what
covenant we belong and walk in it. Are we living in that fullness? If
not we can enter in right now .