The Sacrificial Animals of
This simple study will illustrate how to go
lessons from types.
verses: vv 3,5,10,14.
It will be
in the burnt offering several different types of animals could be used.
know that the sacrificial system pointed to the Lord Jesus,
arises: what does the use of each of these animals teach us about the
The basic idea is to find what the Bible has to say about these animals
then see how it applies it to Jesus ( If it does - remember,
force meanings where there is none!)
To find the typical meanings we will find
other verses in
scripture that refer to that animal and see what we can learn.
Bullock/ox/ cattle: the Hebrew word
- The following verse shows that cattle were used
an ox and an ass together
not muzzle the ox when he
treadeth out the corn.
I have surely
himself thus; Thou hast chastised me, and I was chastised, as a bullock
unaccustomed to the yoke: turn thou me, and I shall be turned; for thou
art the LORD my God.
- These scriptures show that cattle were
for plowing and treading the corn, that is as
beasts of SERVICE.
Having established that point we now seek NT scriptures to see how this
corresponds to Jesus.
- Consider these NT scriptures
you will be the chiefest, shall be servant of all.
For even the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but
minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.
feast of the Passover, when Jesus knew that his hour was come that he
should depart out of this world unto the Father, having loved his own
which were in the world, he loved them unto the end. And supper being
ended, the devil having
now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon’s son, to
Jesus knowing that the Father had given
all things into his hands, and that he was come from God, and went to
He riseth from
supper, and laid aside his garments; and took a towel, and girded
that he poureth water into
a bason, and began to wash the disciples’ feet, and to wipe
the towel wherewith he was girded.
this mind be
in you, which was also in Christ Jesus: Who, being in the form of God,
thought it not robbery to be equal with God:
But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant,
and was made in the likeness (= 'the habit of') of
And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and
became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.
- The scriptures quoted show that Jesus was a
the servant of God and men. Thus the cattle animals typify Jesus
as the Servant of God and of us
All we like
have gone astray; we
have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on him the
iniquity of us all. He was oppressed, and he was afflicted,
he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and
a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth.
- In scripture a picture of one who follows and
is meek/humble, following someone.
can of mine
own self do nothing: as I hear, I judge: and my judgement is just;
I seek not mine own will, but the will of the Father which hath sent me.
For I came down from heaven, not to do mine own will, but the will of
him that sent me. And this is the Father’s will
which hath sent
me, that of all which he hath given me I should lose nothing, but
should raise it up again at the last day.
Then said I, Lo, I come (in the
it is written of me,) to do thy will, O God. Above when he
Sacrifice and offering and burnt offerings and offering for sin thou
not, neither hadst pleasure therein; which are offered by the
Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God. He taketh away the
that he may establish the second.
The next day
John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God,
which taketh away the sin of the world.
- We see that Jesus the Lamb
who bore our sin. See the
- Goats were used on the day of Atonement and
by the Lord in the parable of the sheep and goats.
when he hath
made an end of reconciling the holy place, and the tabernacle of the
congregation, and the altar, he shall bring the live
And Aaron shall lay both his hands upon the head of the live goat, and
confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all
their transgressions in all their sins, puttingthem upon the head of
the goat, and shall send him away by the hand of a fit man into the
wilderness: And the goat shall bear upon him all their iniquities unto
a land not inhabited: and he shall let go the goat in the wilderness.
man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then
shall he sit upon the throne of his glory: And
shall be gathered all nations: and he shall separate them one from
another, as a
shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats: And he
the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on the
shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my
Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the
of the world: For I was an hungered, and ye gave me meat: I
and ye gave me drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me in:
and ye clothed me: I was sick, and ye visited me: I was in prison, and
ye came unto me. Then shall the righteous answer him, saying,
when saw we thee an hungered, and fed thee? or thirsty, and gave thee
drink? When saw we thee a stranger, and took thee in? or
and clothed thee? Or when saw we thee sick, or in prison, and
came unto thee? And the King shall answer and say unto them,
Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye
have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done
unto me. Then shall he say also unto them on the
from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and
angels: For I was an hungered, and ye
gave me no meat: I
was thirsty, and ye gave me no drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me
in: naked, and ye clothed me not: sick, and in prison, and ye visited
not. Then shall they also answer him, saying, Lord, when saw
an hungered, or athirst, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in
prison, and did not minister unto thee? Then shall he answer
them, saying, Verily
I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye did it not to one of the least of these,
did it not to me. And these shall go away into everlasting
punishment: but the righteous into life eternal.
- In the parable the goats are seen as the
and in Leviticus as the one who took on itself the sin of the
nation on the day of Atonement.
- We can conclude that goats typify Jesus as
one who became
sin for us, in
comparison to sheep which typify Jesus as the one who
our sin. As the following scriptures show:
what the law
could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his
own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for
sin in the flesh:
hath made him to be sin for us, who knew
no sin; that we
might be made the righteousness of God in him.
II Cor. 5:21
dove from him, to see if the waters were abated from off the face of
the ground; But the dove found no rest for
of her foot, and she
returned unto him into the ark, for the waters were on the face of the
earth: then he put forth his hand, and took her, and pulled her in unto
into the ark. And he stayed yet other seven days; and again he sent
the dove out of the ark; And the dove came in to him in the
and, lo, in her mouth was an olive leaf pluckt off: so Noah knew that
waters were abated from off the earth. And he stayed yet
days; and sent forth the dove; which returned not again unto him any
Like a crane or
a swallow, so did I
chatter: I did mourn as a dove: mine eyes fail with
upward: O LORD, I am oppressed; undertake for me.
Behold, I send
you forth as sheep in
the midst of wolves: be ye therefore wise as serpents, and
The three scriptures above
show that the
dove is associated with: rest, mourning and
. Now consider the following passages
therefore fear, lest, a promise being left us of entering
rest, any of you should seem to come short of it.
For unto us
was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached
did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard
it. For we which have believed do enter into rest, as he
I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall enter into my rest: although
the works were finished from the foundation
of the world. For he spake in a certain place of the seventh day on
wise, And God did rest the seventh day from all his works. And in this
again, If they shall enter into my rest. Seeing
that some must enter therein, and they to whom it was first preached
not in because of unbelief: Again, he limiteth a certain day, saying in
To day, after so long a time; as it is said, To day if ye will hear his
harden not your hearts. For if Jesus ( ie JOSHUA) had given
then would he not afterward have spoken of another day. There
therefore a rest to the people of God. For he that
his rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as God did from his.
us labour therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after
same example of unbelief. For the word of God is quick, and
and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing
of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of
thoughts and intents of the heart. Neither is there any creature that
not manifest in his sight: but all things are naked and opened unto the
of him with whom we have to do. Seeing then that we have a
priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us
fast our profession. For we have not an high priest which cannot be
with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like
we are, yet without sin. Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne
grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.
of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it
our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not. Surely he
borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him
smitten of God, and afflicted. But he was wounded for our
he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was
him; and with his stripes we are healed.
For such an
high priest became us,
who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made
higher than the heavens;
Jesus is our 'Joshua'
who has gone before to
give us the perfect rest, notice that
Noah and the others
were coming into a 'new creation' after the flood. Jesus is the
man of sorrows who was smitten of God
for our sakes.
Finally Jesus is the
which once more is linked to Him being our Great High Priest.
And he shall
offering unto the LORD for his sin which he hath sinned, a female from
the flock, a lamb or a kid of the goats, for a sin offering; and the
priest shall make an atonement for him concerning his sin. And
he be not able to bring a lamb, then he shall bring for his
trespass, which he hath committed, two turtledoves, or two young
pigeons, unto the LORD; one for a sin offering, and the other for a
if she be not able to
bring a lamb, then she shall bring two turtles, or two young pigeons; the
one for the burnt offering, and the other for a sin offering: and the
priest shall make an atonement for her, and she shall be clean.
The above scriptures show that pigeons are associated with poverty,
and this brings to mind the scriptures concerning the Lord Jesus
For ye know
grace of our Lord
Jesus Christ, that, though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became
poor, that ye through his poverty might be rich.
We see then that the animals used show the following truths
our Lord Jesus Christ:
- He was the servant of both God and
- He both bore sin for us.
- He became sin for us.
- He is the man of sorrows.
- He is the harmless one.
- He is our heavenly Joshua.
- He became poor for our sakes.
This is not exhaustive by any mean, so a few suggestions for further
- How did the priests prepare the animals for
aspect of Jesus do you think this shows?
- Why were some animals used and not
a horse allowed?