Galatians 


Study 48: Gal.5:22-23

The fruit of the Spirit (9)

Temperance


Contents page  
No longer   Thy will    The hour   Not my will   Against such  

But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith   Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law.

Gal.5:22-23

 

1. No longer in the flesh


We now come to the final quality of the fruit of the Spirit - temperance.  This  word in the NT  has a far wider application than the present day meaning of sobriety. The word itself means self-control, and in the context of the epistle we can conclude  that this is to do with the self control of the fleshly desires. 

If we reconsider the fruit of the spirit,  in juxtaposition with the  works of the flesh, we see that each quality of the fruit is in opposition to the listed works.  In verse 21  Paul says  " and such like.."  implying that  this is only a selection of the works of the flesh, but this list does give us the basic framework with which to meditate.


Fruit of the Spirit Works of the flesh Notes
Love Hatred  
Joy Emulations (=jealousy), envying " envy is the  feeling  of  displeasure  ..by witnessing ..the advantage or prosperity  of others ...... ..envy desires to deprive another of what he has,  jealousy desires to have the same or same sort of thing"   VINE
Peace Variance, strife  
Longsuffering Wrath murders  
Gentleness  
Goodness  
Faith Idolatry, witchcraft, heresies  
Meekness Seditions  
Temperance Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness,
drunkenness, revellings
 


The above  is  a simplistic  comparison of the fruit of the Spirit and the works of the flesh, for there is obvious overlap with the qualities, but it does give an idea  of the opposition of  the outworking of  flesh  to the manifestation of life in the Spirit.

We see temperance is in opposition to those natural  desires of the flesh, which are necessary for natural life, which  when taken to excess are sin. By walking in the Spirit the Christian will be in control of those natural desires.


forasmuch then as Christ hath suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves likewise with the same mind: for he that hath suffered in the flesh hath ceased from sin; that he no longer should live the rest of his time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to the will of God. for the time past of our life may suffice us to have wrought the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in lasciviousness, lusts, excess of wine, revellings, banquetings, and abominable idolatries:  wherein they think it strange that ye run not with them to the same excess of riot, speaking evil of you:

I Pet.4:1-4

This passage gives us the key to our understanding of this quality.  It is that our lives should now be submitted to the Will of God, and not to the desires of our own flesh. Whether it be  the indulgence of the natural, but necessary desires, or the personal ambition for self glory. And as we have  seen   previously  so now we can see this quality one perfectly outworked in the life of the Lord Jesus.


2. To do Thy will


....wherefore when he cometh into the world, He saith, sacrifice and offering Thou wouldest not, but a body hast Thou prepared me: in burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin Thou hast had no pleasure. Then said I, lo, I come (in the volume of the book it is written of Me,) to do Thy will, O God. above when He said, sacrifice and offering and burnt offerings and offering for sin Thou wouldest not, neither hadst pleasure therein; which are offered by the law; then said he, lo, I come to do Thy will, O God. He taketh away the first, that He may establish the second.

Heb.10:5-9

This  section in the Hebrews epistle states plainly that when Jesus came into the world it was specifically to do the will of His Father. Now it goes without saying that His work, of  being the ONE eternal  sacrifice for sin, was unique; it can not be repeated let alone bettered. But none the less Jesus'  life  of submission  to the will of God is an example for us to follow. 

During the days of His flesh Jesus often referred to doing His Father's will rather than His own. Here are some quotes from John's Gospel.


 Jesus saith unto them, My meat is to do the will of Him that sent Me, and to finish His work.

Jn.4:34

I can of mine own self do nothing: as I hear, I judge: and My judgment is just; because I seek not Mine own will, but the will of the Father which hath sent me.

Jn.5:30

.....for I came down from heaven, not to do Mine own will, but the will of Him that sent Me.

Jn.6:38

......and this is the will of Him that sent me, that every one which seeth the Son, and believeth on Him, may have everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the last day.

Jn.6:40


 ....if any man will do His will, he shall know of the doctrine, whether it be of God, or whether I speak of Myself.

Jn.7:17

In the first quote we are reminded of the statement of Jesus when He was tempted of the Devil: '..man shall not live by bread alone but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God'  Mtt.4:4. For Jesus His  food, His very life, was to do His Father's will, whatever His flesh may have been saying; not once did Jesus allow His fleshly desires to dictate His actions;  His life was guided by His Father's will. It was not just to do God's will, but also to finish His work, He had the determination to see God's will through to the end, whatever the cost. Jesus was in perfect self control at all times.

It would seems strange that Jesus said that  He can do nothing of Himself, surely He as the second person of the Godhead is all powerful? But we talking here that He is in subjection to His Father's will and that He does not work independently from Him. Here we can learn that life in the Spirit is not a life of independence from God, doing what we want to do, but one of a life that means total dependence on God. 

Thus we see that to live in the Spirit, as Jesus did, is to reject one's fleshly desires, and to be in complete subjection to God's will.  Our lives should be in subjection to the Spirit of God rather than the lusts of the flesh.  We too should be able to say that our food is to do His will.

There is an outstanding example of  this in the life of Jesus and that is the  agonies of Gethsemane

 
 

3  The hour is come

Throughout his life Jesus talked about 'the hour', as we see from this selection of  scripture.


 ....then they sought to take Him: but no man laid hands on him, because His hour was not yet come.

 ....these words spake Jesus in the treasury, as He taught in the temple: and no man laid hands on Him; for His hour was not yet come.

...and Jesus answered them, saying, the hour is come, that the Son of man should be glorified.

 ..now is my soul troubled; and what shall I say? Father, save me from this hour: but for this cause came I unto this hour.

 ....now before the feast of the Passover, when Jesus knew that His hour was come that He should depart out of this world unto the Father, having loved His own which were in the world, He loved them unto the end.

Jn.7:30; 8:20; 12:23,27; 13:1


Time and time again during His earthly ministry many sought to lay hands on Jesus and destroy Him, but we are told that no on could, because Jesus' hour had not come. As we get closer to Calvary the tone changes. and we are told that the hour had come. Clearly the scriptures are telling use that the hour is the crucifixion, and all that was to happen.

Turning to Mark's gospel we read something interesting.



....and they came to a place which was named Gethsemane: and He saith to His disciples, sit ye here, while I shall pray, and He taketh with him Peter and James and John, and began to be sore amazed, and to be very heavy; and saith unto them, my soul is exceeding sorrowful unto death: tarry ye here, and watch. and He went forward a little, and fell on the ground, and prayed that, if it were possible, the hour might pass from him. and he said, Abba, Father, all things are possible unto thee; take away this cup from me: nevertheless not what I will, but what thou wilt. and he cometh, and findeth them sleeping, and saith unto Peter, Simon, sleepest thou? couldest not thou watch one hour?  watch ye and pray, lest ye enter into temptation. the spirit truly is ready, but the flesh is weak. and again he went away, and prayed, and spake the same words. and when He returned, he found them asleep again, (for their eyes were heavy,) neither wist they what to answer Him. and He cometh the third time, and saith unto them, sleep on now, and take your rest: it is enough, the hour is come; behold, the son of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. rise up, let us go; lo, he that betrayeth me is at hand.

Mk.14:32-42

We are looking at the agonies of Gethsemane, it is not the intention here to consider every detail of this incident. We shall be just picking out one important aspect that is relevant to our meditation on temperance.

Jesus facing the hour of His passion, being 'sore amazed'  asked if the hour might pass from Him. After submitting to His Father's will He returns to the disciples and states the hour is come. Referring to the start of His redemptive work at Calvary.  Later at one of His trials Jesus replied thus.


.... when I was daily with you in the temple, ye stretched forth no hands against me: but this is your hour, and the power of darkness.

Lk.22:53
 
Whilst going about His ministry during those three and a half years no one could lay there hands on Him, Jesus ' hour had not come, but now it had, and on top of all that Jesus says it was the hour of the power of darkness.  This gives us some insight as to what happened in Gethsemane.

4.  Not my will

 ....then cometh Jesus with them unto a place called Gethsemane, and saith unto the disciples, sit ye here, while I go and pray yonder. and He took with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, and began to be sorrowful and very heavy then saith He unto them, my soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death: tarry ye here, and watch with me. and He went a little further, and fell on his face, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless not as I will, but as thou wilt. And He cometh unto the disciples, and findeth them asleep, and saith unto Peter, what, could ye not watch with me one hour? watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation: the spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak. He went away again the second time, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if this cup may not pass away from me, except I drink it, thy will be done.  and He came and found them asleep again: for their eyes were heavy, and He left them, and went away again, and prayed the third time, saying the same words. then cometh He to his disciples, and saith unto them, sleep on now, and take your rest: behold, the hour is at hand, and the Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. rise, let us be going: behold, he is at hand that doth betray me.

Mtt.26:63-46


We have here a rare, but precious insight into the private communion that Jesus had with His Father.  Unlike the other instances, recorded in the Gospels, where He prays,  we have  some of the very words that He spoke.  Facing the agonies of the cross  Jesus prays that, if it be at all possible, He should not drink of it. We are told that three times He spoke these words, but every time Jesus submitted to His Father's will by saying ' not as I will but as Thou wilt'.  In Luke's account we read that he was in such  agony  that sweats of blood fell from Him to the ground, and here in Matthew He states that His soul was exceedingly sorrowful unto death ( see also  Lk. 22:42 )

There has been much speculation as to what caused Jesus to pray in such a manner. Was it the prospect of the physical sufferings?  That crucifixion was the most horrible and barbaric method of execution there can be no doubt. There is no question that  during His earthly life  Jesus  would have   come across it, for the Romans did these things openly as a warning to others, so Jesus knew the horrors of this inhumane method of execution.

Or was it the prospect of  Jesus being cut off from His Father's presence for a period of time whilst bearing the sins of the world? There on the cross, on top of all the physical agonies, He was to be made sin for us, and the Father would withdraw Himself from His Son;  there and then Jesus would be taking the punishment for our sin  and such was the torment that  Jesus would cry out
'My God, My God why  hast Thou forsaken me?'  Mtt. 26:46.  This would have been untold horror to the Lord, and the prospect of  being separated from the Father would no doubt has caused great agony .
 

However there may have been other reasons, if so we are not told. The scriptures do not tell us the full story as to  why Jesus asked for this cup to pass by. Where scripture is silent  it is  wise not to speculate. All we know is that Jesus was God incarnate, He was made like to His brethren, and tempted in all points as we are,  Heb.2:16-18. And on this occasion, for some reason, and it doesn't matter what it was, He asked His Father  that if it were possible that the cup should pass from Him. But He didn't insist on His own way, it is one thing to make a request, but quite another to demand it. He did not allow His fleshly desire of self preservation to interfere with the Will of His Father. He was in perfect self-control, all of  His earthly life He had walked in the Spirit doing only  His Father's  will, and now under extreme circumstances  He remained submissive to that will, whatever the personal cost.

What an example for us! We may have personal preferences and desires, but are we willing to lay them down in order for God's will to be fulfilled in us? Jesus suffered much more than we will ever know; any sacrifice on our behalf is nothing compared to what He sacrificed in fulfilling his Father's will. Jesus was always, during His earthly ministry, walking in the Spirit, obeying His Father so when it came to the  extreme trial of Gethsemane He could submit once more to that will.

For us to be in self-control of our desires we too must know what  it is to walk in the Spirit.  If we walk in the flesh then it will be our own desires that will take precedence  and not  God's will. The person that walks in the Spirit will show the fruit of self-control. If we are to be submitted to God's will in extreme circumstances, then we need to know that submission to Him in the normal circumstances.

Being in self-control means that God, and not our fleshly desires, is  master. As with the other qualities of the Spirit's fruit,  temperance   can only be manifested as we walk in the Spirit. It can not be manufactured nor forced, it is a natural consequent of walking in the Spirit.

5. Against such

 
In these past studies we have seen how, to a small  measure, how the fruit of the Spirit manifested itself in the live of Jesus.

At the end of His ministry no one could convict Him of sin. His worst enemies whether Pharisee, or demon could lay a single charge of sin to His account. His life was perfect from start to finish, He ever walked in the Spirit pleasing  His Father, and giving us the example  to follow.

There is no law against the fruit of the Spirit. The law was given to show the sinfulness of sin Gal.3:19, but to those who exhibit the fruit of the Spirit there is nothing in the law to condemn them. Is this not the life that God wants  His people to manifest in their lives? And it is this that we will now see as Paul moves to the conclusion of this most valuable epistle

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