The Book of  Daniel


An Outline


Bible books contents
Dating       Author        Historical background       Chapter outline


1. Dating

This is another book of scripture that has suffered at the hands of the critics.  Modern critical scholarship rejects the traditional dating of the 6th century BC and puts it c.168 BC.  However there are many reasons why we should accept  the traditional dating of the 6th century. One of the best  discussions on this is be found in 'The Prophecy of Daniel'  ( Edward Young;  Eerdmans Publishing Co. 1975). We will not rehearse the arguments here, but just say that we accept the traditional dating and author of this book.

2. Author

Written by Daniel as seen from:

  • In Part two of the book   Daniel is mentioned as the one who receives the revelation and he speaks in the 1st person. (eg. Dan.7:2    
  • Part one of the book prepares for the second, the latter developing what was in the former( eg. Dan.7 develops what was in Dan. 2)       
  • The historical narratives uniformly have the purpose of revealing how God is glorified over the nations.
  • Jesus speaks explicitly of Daniel both directly and indirectly. Mtt.24:15,21,30;26:64; Lk.12:20

3. Historical background

Daniel was taken captive to Babylon in the first of the three invasions by Nebuchadnezzar. Ezekiel being taken on the second one whilst Jerusalem was destroyed on the third occasion. Daniel was in the court of Nebuchadnezzar and played a prominent part there.

4. Chapter outline


Chapter
Outline
Comments
HISTORICAL  SECTION
1
Refusing to be defiled with the kings meat
God  overcoming the  world's  practices
2
Dream of Nebuchadnezzar; the image.
God overcoming the  world's  kingdoms
3
The Hebrew  men and the fiery furnace.
God overcoming the world's  demand for worship
4
Nebuchadnezzar made to eat as a beast
God overcoming the world's pride
5
Belshazzar's feast
God overcoming the world's impiety
6
Daniel and the Lion's Den
God overcoming the world's plans
PROPHETIC SECTION
7
The four beasts
Prophecy especially concerning the fourth empire
8
The ram and he goat
Prophecy  concerning the Medio-Persian and Greek empires
9
Prophecy of the 70 weeks.
Prophecy concerning the coming of the Messiah
10
Visions of God
Preparation for the next chapter
11
Various prophecies
Prophecies concerned with  the  400 years from Malachi to Matthew
12
Conclusion
Prophecies  sealed.