The Pentateuch


An Outline



 



The word Pentateuch comes from two greek words meaning  'five- volumed'  and  refers to the first FIVE books of the Bible: GenesisExodus,  Leviticus,  Numbers and  Deuteronomy They are also referred to as 'the books' or 'law  of Moses',  we can see this from the following references. Lk. 24:27,  Jn. 7:22  -23. We are told that Moses is the author,  receiving the living oracles directly from God   Acts  7:37 - 38.


Historical Accuracy

The historical  content of the Pentateuch has often come under attack from the enemy.  Yet the NT   consistently  confirms  the truth  of the Pentateuch. Take the following  examples . The list is by no means exhaustive!

Incident

OT reference

NT Reference(s)

Creation
Gen. 1
Heb. 11:3
Adam and Eve
Gen. 2:19 - 25
Mtt.19: 4 - 5
The Fall
Gen. 3
Rom. 5:  12 - 21
Cain and Abel
Gen. 4
I  Jn. 3:12
The Flood
Gen. 6 - 9
Mtt. 24:36 - 39 & parallel passages; I Pet. 3 20;
II Pet. 2: 5; 3: 6 - 7.
Abraham
Gen. 12  onwards
Acts 7:1 - 8;  Heb. 11:8 - 16
Lot, Sodom & Gomorrah
Gen.18 - 19
Lk. 17: 28 - 29; II Pet. 2: 6 - 9;  Jude 7
Isaac offered
Gen. 22
Heb. 11: 17 - 19
Moses at the Burning bush
Ex. 3
Mtt. 22: 31 - 32 & parallel passages.
The Exodus
Ex. 12-15
Heb. 11: 27 - 29
The wilderness wanderings
Num. 14. -  Deut
Heb. 3: 16 - 18

The reader is left to  complete the list  for themselves.  The table just gives an idea of how the NT  fully accepts the Pentateuch as being  historically true.

Outline of the Pentateuch

Genesis
- the book of beginnings .   This book is  the seed plot of the whole Bible, it gives us the beginnings of all things
Exodus     
-  the book of departure,  God  raises up Moses and brings Israel out of  Egypt;  at Mt. Sinai  the law given, the tabernacle built.
Leviticus
-  the book of  the Levitical code. In it we have the laws for the sacrifices, feasts and  code by which the Israelites had to live.
Numbers  
-  the book of the wilderness way.  Up to  the edge of the promised land,  the failure to enter then  the years of wandering.
Deuteronomy    
-  the book of the second giving of the law,  on the edge of Canaan,  the death of Moses.

  

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