Leviticus


Outline


Bible books contents
Introductory remarks          Keyword         Chapter outline

 

The third book of the Pentateuch  and deals with  the legal code of  the sacrificial and priestly system  and  various detailed laws.  The title of this third book of Moses was given by the 'seventy', ( those who translated the OT from the Hebrew to Greek) The Hebrew title, originally  was " And He called", in line with the opening of the book.

The instructions given in this book seem to have been given between the setting up of the Tabernacle and the Israelites departure from Sinai, thus its position between Exodus and Numbers. This book may seem dull and hard to read, especially in the New Covenant since we no longer have to offer sacrifices nor  keep endless laws; however this book is of great value for it typology concerning the person and work of the Lord Jesus Christ, see Heb. 10  One could say that the epistle to the Hebrews is the Bible's commentary on Leviticus, and it  is recommended that one has a  good grasp of  Hebrews before tackling Leviticus!

Exodus deals with the redemption of God's people, Leviticus with their worship.


Introductory remarks

 
And the LORD called unto Moses, and spake unto him out of the tabernacle of the congregation, saying,...  

Lev.1:1

God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets,  Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son..

Heb. 1:1-2

1. The laws/sacrifices given in this book are directly from God; they were not made up by Moses nor anyone else. that is they were given by revelation from God.  If we compare the opening of the Hebrew epistle we have the same idea, God has chosen to reveal Himself to us so that we can know Him; in the New Covenant God has revealed Himself to us in JESUS  how careful then we must be in listening !

2.  Note that the sacrifices etc. were given AFTER the Tabernacle was built and set up. The Tabernacle was essentially the place where God revealed Himself to Israel  Ex. 25:8. The sacrifices were given so that  Israel could approach God. This is God's order He  reveals Himself then He shows us the basis of us approaching Him; in the New Covenant we approach Him on the basis of Jesus' sacrifice ALONE  see Heb. 9-10.

3. The Levitical code was only temporary, they were only shadows or as we say, types of the true. Jesus is the complete fulfilment of the sacrifices.


The Holy Ghost this signifying, that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while as the first tabernacle was yet standing: Which was a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience;  Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of reformation. But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building;  Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us.

Heb.9:8-12



Key word

Holiness: this word appears some 90 times in this book. The key verse  being:

Speak unto all the congregation of the children of Israel, and say unto them, Ye shall be holy: for I the LORD your God am holy.
Lev. 19:2



One which Peter  quotes in his first epistle.

But as he which hath called you is holy, so be ye holy in all manner of conversation; Because it is written, Be ye holy; for I am holy.
I Pet.1:15 - 16

see also Heb.10:10; 12:10

Chapter Outline



Section

Subsection

Chapters

 Some Notes

The way to God  

Sacrifices unto God
1-7
see summary chart  and   study on typology

Priests unto God
8-10
Heb. 5-7

The Walk with God

A clean life: selfward
11-15
I Pet. 1: 15-16. the laws on food, were done away with. see Acts 10, and Rom.14  but in type they represent fellowship.

A clean life: Godward
16-17
For Ch16 see Heb.9:7- 10

A clean life: manward
18-20
In the Land  Heb. 3 - 4; and  Eph. 4-5 for example. Egypt typifies the world and Canaan  the Flesh .

The worship of God

The priest's family
21-22
More typical teaching on fellowship
Heb. 13:15; I Pet.2:5

The Lord's feasts
23
see summary chart

The Tabernacle's furniture
24:1-9
Rev. 1   Jesus the great High  Priest walking in the midst of the churches caring for them.

The witness to God

Profession
24:10-23
Allowing the world's  influence  on us will take us right out of the promised rest in Christ.

Possession
25-26
The year of Jubilee: when everyone went  back to his own possession , to God's intended state, and to dwell in safety to yield  their fruit. This speaks volumes of  God's intention for us in the new Covenant.

Promise
27
Rom. 12:1 etc.


The notes above only give a  taste of some of the rich teaching to be found for the diligent student!