Exodus


An outline


Bible books contents
Chapter outline     Typology    Exodus & Egyptian history



The second  book of the Bible, its name is from the Greek meaning ' departure'. A look at its authenticity is to be found in the section dealing with the Pentateuch , whole. This book has to do with the redemption  of the children of Israel  from Egypt. The book divides into two sections: the historical account of the Exodus and the giving of the Law at Sinai.

1. Chapter Outline

Section

Ref.

Notes

Narrative
1-2
The bondage of the Israelites  and  early life of Moses


3-4
The call of Moses



5-12
The  confrontation with Pharaoh

God sends Moses to demand Israel's release
Ref.
Moses
Pharoah's response
Result /Plague
5-6
Let my people go
I know not God
Bondage made worse
7
Shows the sign of the rod
magicians copy the signs
(I)  Nile turned to blood
8:1-15
Let my people go
hardens his heart
(II) Frogs
8:16-19

hardens  his heart (III) Lice
8:20-24
Let my people go
(IV) Flies
8:25-26

Compromise offer 1: sacrifice in the land
Moses insists on a 3-day journey.
8:27-32

Compromise offer 2: sacrifice, but not too far away
The flies removed but Pharoah further hardens his heart
9:1-7
Let my people go
(V) Murrian of cattle
9:8-12

hardens  his heart
(VI) Boils
9:13-35

hardens  his heart (VII) Hail
10:1-11
How long do you refuse?
Compromise offer 3:
 go, but only the men, leave the families behind!
Moses driven from Pharoah
10:12-20

hardens  his heart (VIII)  Locusts
10:21-23

hardens  his heart (IX) Darkness
10:24-29

Compromise offer 4:
 go, but  leave the flocks  behind!
Moses refuses, nad is driven from Pharoah with orders not to see his face again
11-12


(X) Passover

The final plague results in the death of the death of all the firstborn, not covered by the lamb's blood, in Egypt; this finally forces Pharoah's hand.

13-19
The way to Sinai

13:1-22
The Children of Israel leave with the  bones of Joseph
14:1-31
The crossing of the Rea sea,the  Egyptians pursue and are drowned 
15:1-22
Israel rejoice
15:23-26
The waters of Marah
15:27
At Elim
16:1-36
The provision of manna
17:1-7
The  smiting of the rock at Massah & Meribah
17:8-15
The battle with Amalek
18:1-27
Jethro's visit to Moses
19:1-25
Arrival at Sinai

The Law
20-24
The  ten commandments and various laws.

25-31; 3539


The Tabernacle instructions and construction.
Instructions
in order.
Ref.
Reason
Order  of fulfilment/ construction
Ref.
1. People to offer
25:1-9
To build a place for God to dwell among them .  25:8
1
35:1-29;36:1-7
2. The Ark of the Covenant
25:10-16
To put the testimony in. 25:16
7
37:1-5
3. The Mercy Seat
25:17-22
To meet and commune with .
25:16
8
37:6-9
4. The Table of Shewbread
25:23-30
To put the shrewbread on. 23:30
9
37:10-16
5.The Candlestick
/Lampstand
25:31-40
To give light. 25:37
10
37:17-24
6. Curtains
26:1-14
  1. To make the Tabernacle with. 26:1
  2. A covering upon the Tabernacle 26:7
  3. A covering upon the Badgers' skins  26:14
3
36:8-19
7. The Boards
26:15-30
For the Tabernacle 26:15
4
36:20-34
8. The Vail
26:31-35
To divide the Holy of holies from the Holy place. 26:33
5
36:35
9. Hangings
26:36-37
For the door and entrance. 26:36
6
36:36-38
10. The Altar of burnt offering
27:1-8
For sacrifice ( implied)
13
38:1-7
11. Hangings and pillars
27:9-19
For the Court 27:9
15
38:9-20
12. Pure Olive oil
27:20-21
For the Lamp
?
?
13. Priests' garment and anointing
28-29
For  ministering unto God: 28:4;
16
39:1-31
The continual  Burnt Offering  29:38-45
14. The Altar of Incense
30:1-10
To burn incense 30:1
11
37:25-28
The Atonement money  30:11-16
15. The Laver
30:17-21
For the Priests to wash their hands and feet. 30:21
14
38:8
16. The Holy Anointing oil
30:22-23
To anoint the Tabernacle and Priests 30:26, 30
12
37:29

17. Perfume
30:34-38
To put before the testimoy in the Tabernacle 30:36
18. Appointment of Bezaleel and Aholiab
31:1--11
To be filled with skill in all types of workmanship
2
35:30-35
The sum af materials used in  the Tabernacle. 38:21-31


32-35
Israel's sin and their restoration

40
The Tabernacle set up, one year after the Exodus.

2. Its Typology

Its  factual historical account of the Exodus and its surrounding events  give  much typical teaching of the redemption that is in Jesus Christ. We only have space to outline some of  the teachings here. The following  NT scriptures  gives us three examples:

A.  Christ our Passover


Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us:
Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.
I Cor. 5: 7 - 8

Christ our passover!  The passover was killed, its blood applied to the households and the lamb eaten inside. Jesus the Lamb  was slain His blood applied  and we are to eat of Him.  Jn. 6:53-57

B. Baptised into Christ


Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea; And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea;  And did all eat the same spiritual meat; And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.

I Cor. 10: 1 - 4

The crossing of the Red sea  typifies our baptism into Christ by the Holy Spirit, ie. new birth.  I Cor. 12:13; Eph. 4:5

C. The Tabernacle

Then verily the first covenant had also ordinances of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary. For there was a tabernacle made; the first, wherein was the candlestick, and the table, and the shewbread; which is called the sanctuary.  And after the second veil, the tabernacle which is called the Holiest of all;  Which had the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant overlaid round about with gold, wherein was the golden pot that had manna, and Aaron’s rod that budded, and the tables of the covenant; And over it the cherubims of glory shadowing the mercy seat; of which we cannot now speak particularly.  Now when these things were thus ordained, the priests went always into the first tabernacle, accomplishing the service of God. But into the second went the high priest alone once every year, not without blood, which he offered for himself, and for the errors of the people: The Holy Ghost this signifying, that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while as the first tabernacle was yet standing: Which was a figure for the time then present,..

Heb. 9:1 onwards.

Our final example is that of the Tabernacle; the above passage highlights from Scripture itself  some of its typical meaning. It is tempting to give more detail here, but that would be out of place in an outline. It is hoped that such a very brief mention here will encourage the Bible student to pursue the themes for themselves.

3. The Exodus and Egyptian history


Many people do not accept the truth of the historical narrative of Exodus, because of the ( supposing)  lack of extra biblical evidence of the exodus in Egyptian records, which one would expect considering the type of civilisation  Egypt was.  There are three points to be made here:


1. This argument has been used against the Bible before, only to collapse when  archaeology  has turned up  supporting evidence. For example,  for many years  it was thought that Ninevah, capital of Assyria, was  only mentioned in scripture and,  because evidence was not to be found of its  existence, many saw this as proof of the Bible not  being  true. However,  in the 19th Century the remains of the ancient city were discovered, thus confounding the sceptics.  The fact is  when it comes to looking into the past we only have  partial  evidence, at best, or no evidence at all; and  absence of evidence is not evidence of absence! An excellent book looking at  Biblical archaeology  is  The Stones Cry Out  by Dr.  Randall Price  (1997)  Harvest House Publishers, where these matters are looked at in detail  by a christian  expert in the field.


2. The main attack on the exodus  comes from considering the chronology of ancient Egypt: that is by comparing  the Biblical chronology with  the accepted  Egyptian  one, no  evidence can be found for the events of Exodus when looking at the Egyptian records for the time period that the Bible demands. However the question is: why is it that the Bible is always  assumed wrong?  The accepted Egyptian chronology  is not as  infallible as many scholars would have us believe. In fact there has been much debate in recent times about the Egyptian chronology with many  revisionists putting forth their own schemes,  and the matter is not  settled by a long way.  The link below  gives a view from a Christian  perspective on the current debate to show how fluid the topic is.

 http://www.answersingenesis.org/home/area/magazines/tj/docs/tj_v15n1_moses.asp



3. Our trust in the Bible does not depend on extra - Biblical evidence. After all many of the people in the scientific field are unbelievers, with their own agendas! It is good  when there is supporting evidence, but our faith does not rely on that. If we accept the inspiration of scripture then we must accept the Bible as a whole and therefore the story of the Exodus as it is written:  it all  stands or falls  together.