II  Samuel 


An Outline:


introduction    outline     Notable points


   

1. Introduction


In the Hebrew Bible what we have as the two books of Samuel are in fact one book, simply called Samuel. According to Jewish tradition the first twenty four chapters of I Samuel was written by Samuel himself, and the remainder of the book plus II Samuel by Nathan and Gad. This has support from the  scripture quoted below, when read in other translations. The LXX is given here as one example.  Whilst this is not conclusive, it is  a possibility that I Chronicles is referring to the books of Samuel.

Now the acts of David the king, first and last, behold, they are written in the book of Samuel the seer, and in the book of Nathan the prophet, and in the book of Gad the seer, with all his reign and his might, and the times that went over him, and over Israel, and over all the kingdoms of the countries.

I Chr.29:29-30  KJV

 And the rest of the acts of David, the former and the latter, are written in the history of Samuel the seer, and in the history of Nathan the prophet, and in the history of Gad the seer,  concerning all his reign, and his power, and the times which went over him, and over Israel, and over all the kingdoms of the earth.

I Chr.29:29-30 LXX


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2. Outline I Samuel

II Samuel deals with David's reign as king. This covers  a period of approximately 40 years  The table also shows, along side David's history,  some of the Psalms he wrote  in  their context.

Concerning Main events

Succession of David

Ch.1-5

a) News of Saul's death Ch. 1  
b) David anointed over Judah Ch.2:1-7  
c) Ishbosheth made king over Israel Ch.2:8-12  
d) Joab & Abner Ch.2:13-32  
e) Abner's death Ch.3  
f) death of Ishbosheth Ch.4  
g) David anointed king over all Israel Ch.5:1-5  
h) Jerusalem taken Ch.5:6-25 Ps. 30

Successes of David

Ch.6-10

a) Brings back the Ark Ch.6  
b) Desire to build a house for God Ch.7  
c) Victories Ch.8 Ps.60
d) Kindness to Mephibosheth Ch.9  
e) Further victories Ch.10  

 

Sins of David

Ch.11-12

 

a) Adultery Ch.11:1-5  
b) Cover up & murder Ch.11:6-27  
c) Nathan's parable Ch.12:1-12  
d) Repentance Ch.12:13-31 Ps.51

Sword in David's house

 

Ch.13-24

a) Absalom kills Amon Ch.13 note 12:10
b)Absalom returns from exile Ch.14  
c) Absalom's conspiracy/ David flees Ch.15 note 15:12
Ps. 3
d) Shimei  curses David Ch.16:1-14 Ps.7
e) Counsel of Ahithophel Ch.16:15- 17:29  
f) Joab kills Absalom Ch.18  
g) David restored as king Ch.19  
h) Sheba's rebellion Ch.20  
i) Famine & the Gibeonites Ch.21  
j) Psalm of David Ch.22 Ps.18
k) Last words of David & the list of his mighty men Ch.23 note
(i)23:2 David's declaration of  Divine inspiration
(ii) Joab is omitted from of David's mighty men
l) David's sin in numbering Ch. 24  

3. Some Notable points

  1. The first time, in Scripture,  a ruler is likened to a shepherd  Ch.5:2 Feed my people Israel is literally:  feed as a shepherd
  2. Two parables : the selfish one Ch.12;  the banished one Ch.14:1-20
  3. David declares Divine inspiration Ch.23:2